Aversive dog training methods
If you are not new to dog training, you must have heard of this word “Aversive”. Aversive is anything that is not pleasant and it is used to suppress or stop dog-unwanted behavior. Example of aversive training methods used in dog training methods include the following:-
1. Unpleasant noisy sound.
2. Correction that is physical.
3. Shock pain delivered by remote trainers.
4. Correcting using prong collars.
The reason why they are called aversive training methods is that the dog will work hard to avoid experiencing any of those corrections methods.
The same applies to us human beings. For example, we cannot touch a burning candle or a naked electric wire because we are aware of the consequences. Children will not go ahead and do something that will make their mothers hungry because they know they will be canned. The same applies to dogs.
Because dogs learn through associating, they are able to stop bad behavior like eating feces or chewing seats because you have been shocking them using dog shock collars.
How aversive training works
Aversive dog training methods can be either positive punishment or negative reinforcement. Most trainers work very hard to avoid the use of these two methods because they can sometimes lead to dog aggressiveness, stress and they can even cause fear.
Positive punishment means adding something that will make the dog stop unwanted behavior or curb it while negative reinforcement means taking something out so that dog can reduce bad behavior.
An example of positive punishment is when you are training your dog that pulls on the leash. Adding a prong collar is likely going to deter the dog from pulling when on the leash because they will want to avoid the pain.
An example that can explain negative reinforcement is when you call your dog to come and when he/she fails to respond to your calls, you shock them using e-collar. When you shock them several after calling, they will learn how to respond so that he can avoid the pain delivered on their neck by e-collar.
Should you avoid aversive training methods?
Most trainers who use aversive training methods claim that these are inhumane training methods because they cause pain on the dog neck. If you do not want to use these aversive training methods, you can follow alternative training methods.
Clicker is a dog training tool that is used to communicate to dogs that they have been given a certain treat like the food they like because of their good behavior.
This tool can be very helpful especially when you want to practice positive dog reinforcement effectively. With time, your dog will not require you to have a clicker or food treat for them to behave properly.
If it is necessary, you use shock collars to make sure you purchase a high tech e-collar like Ez educator 900 because it is more reliable and it is not likely to malfunction. However, if you can avoid aversive training methods the better for your dog.